Arab Berber Conquest of Spain 711 to 732 Ummayyad Spain to 1031 A.D.

This list represents three armies: The initial army of the Berber invasion; the combined Arab and Berber armies that completed the conquest of Spain and Septimania as well as invading Gaul until stopped at Tours in 732 AD, and the armies of the Ummayyad Capliphate that dominated the Iberian peninsula from 755 AD to 1031 AD.

Era: Triumph of Cavalry   Arab Berber Conquest of Spain 711 to 732 Ummayyad Spain to 1031 A.D. CR: H: 3 L: 5   BP: 2 Init: 7
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
2 HC Jund or Berbers X 4(1)0 +1 Lances 10
4 LC Berbers X 2(0)0 +1 Javelins 7
2 SI Arabs or Berbers   2(1)1 +2 Bows 2
1 SI Arabs or Berbers   3(1)2 +2 Javelins 2
2 HC Arab Jund* X 4(1)0 +1 Lances 10
4 FT Arabs* ** X 5(1)0 +1 Spears/bows 8
1 LC Berber Guard X 3(0)0 +1 Javelins 9
4 LC Berbers or Arabs X 2(0)0 +1 Javelins 7
5 LI Berbers   4(1)2 +1 Javelins 7
4 LHI Berbers* X 4(1)2 +1 Javelins 7
3 SI Berbers or Arabs   3(1)2 +2 Slings 2
4 SI Berbers or Arabs   3(1)2 +2 Javelins 2
3 SI Berbers or Arabs   2(1)1 +2 Bows 2
UMMAYYADS 735 to 1031 AD***:
1 FT Slave Guard Key 6(1)1 +1 Spears 8
2 LC Arabs Key 1(0)0 +1 Bows 6
2 HC Goth Subjects Key 4(0)0 +1 Lances 10


Core: 1 RG

Bonus: 2 Max.: 2 GR, 2 RG, 2 SH


The Army of the Invasion initially has two heavy divisions and six light. When Toledo was taken, the Arab Jund troops arrived to insure that the Berbers did not set up a separate state. Therefore, the army from 715 A.D. onward has three heavy divisions and five light divisions.

*Arab FT and Bonus Arab Jund cavalry should not be fielded in the same army as Berber LHI.

**Arab FT armed with Spear and bow may not move and fire their bows in the same turn.

The original invasion was probably by two Berber armies. Tarik of Gibraltar fame was a Berber convert general. The Sixth century evidence shows the Berbers to have had different fighting styles by tribe (Corripus and Procopius). Though all are essentially javelin armed, some stand up and fight it out. I have not included camels as it is unlikely that they were brought to Spain for war.

The Arabs arrived later from Kairouan to claim the conquest. Shortly thereafter, there was a Berber rebellion. Thus the Arab FT and the Jund Cavalry are really the later army. In that army, the Berber LHI seems out of place as the Berbers in the Arab army were auxiliaries.

***If any units from the Ummayyad 755 to 1031 AD option are purchased, all must be bought. In addition, at least two FT units armed with spear/bow must be bought from the main Bonus selections.

In the Arab army, the tactics of the FT were Ka Warr Far. The FT provide a stationary refuge and fire base for the cavalry who operate around the FT through aisles that the FT opens. Thus, the FT may not fire and move in the same turn. The archers are reported as firing over the heads of the spear armed FT.

Ordo Link: Arab Berber

Last Edited: 31 March 2005

List Author: Aligern