Black Sheep & White Sheep Turks

This army is intended to provide victims, err.., opponents for the Timurids. The list assumes that the related Qara-Qoyunlyu and Aq-Qoyunlyu tribal confederations were essentially similar in their military institutions, and is largely based on information regarding the latter. Since the author's medieval Persian is a bit rusty, this is taken mainly from Ian Heath's "Armies of the Middle Ages" and similar secondary sources.

Era: Age of Chivalry 1350-1500 A.D. Black Sheep & White Sheep Turks CR: H: 3 L: 5   BP: 2 Init: 7    
Number Type Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
1 HC Pushan-dar (d!) X 5(1)0 +2 Various/bows 15
2 HC Qullugchi (d!) X 4(1)0 +2 Various/bows 26
2 LC Tirkash-band (d) X 2(0)0 +1 Various/bows 16
1 HC Pushan-dar (d!) X 5(1)0 +2 Various/bows 15
2 HC Qullughchi (d!) X 4(1)0 +2 Various/bows 13
8 LC Tirkash-band X 2(0)0 +1 Various/bows 8
4 LC Provincial, etc. Light cavalry X 1(0)0 +1 Bows 6
4 FT Turcoman archers X 4(1)0 +1 Various/bows 6
2 LI Kurds/ Afghans   4(1)2 +1 Javelins 7


Core: 1 GR

Bonus: Max. 2: 2 GR, 1 SH, 1 RG


The author's interpretation of the army is that the pushan-dar and tirkash-band were respectively the aristocratic and ordinary Turcomen, (supported by the fact they were collectively termed nokar – meaning friends or companions, presumably of their sultan). The aristocrats naturally became the heavily and expensively equipped shock troops while the ordinary tribesmen served as horse archers. The qullughchi were the armed retainers and servants of the pushan-dar and may well have been slave soldiers like the mamluks. The European observer Zeno describes them in metal armour, so I have presumed they got their masters’ cast-offs and served as somewhat less formidable heavy cavalry (but still on barded horses).

The Aq-Qoyunlyu definitely made quite extensive use of infantry, who were considered good enough troops to be personally commanded by the sultan on at least one occasion. The LI are included on the basis that Kurds and Afghans were present in the army on occasion, but they may have served simply as more of the existing troop types.

Basically this is a variant Mongol army with a perhaps more useful infantry type available. Historically it used typical Tartar encirclement tactics, but on one (disastrous) occasion formed up with a solid centre of infantry while the cavalry attacked on both flanks, which might have worked quite well with better luck. (Qutluk Biri)

* Tirkash-band dismount as SI with a BP of 2, a protection of +2, and a FV of 3(1)2. They retain their archery range of 18 inches but an archery arc of 45 degrees. They remain key units. They are dispersed just as other SI.