Later Eastern Carolingian and Ottonian 843 to 1024AD

This list covers 843-1024AD; from the Treaty of Verdun and the establishment of the Eastern Frankish Kingdom (or Holy Roman Empire) under Louis the German to the death of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II.

Era: Triumph of Cavalry   Later Eastern Carolingian and Ottonian 843 to 1024AD CR: H: 4 L: 3   BP: 2 Init: 6
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
2 HC Scarae (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lance 11
2 HC (d!) K 4[1]0 +1 Spear/Javelin 10
2 FT   K 5[1]1 +1 Spears 6
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
1 SI     2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
3 HC (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lances 11
3 HC (d!) K 4[1]0 +1 Spear/Javelin 10
2 LC Saxons K 2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
2 FT Saxons K 6[1]1 +1 Spears 8
4 FT   K 5[1]1 +1 Spears 6
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
3 SI *   2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
1 SI     2[1]1 +2 Staff Slings 2
O   Obodrite and other Slav Allies**          
1 HC (d) Nobles K 4[0]0 +1 Various 10
3 LC Slavs K 2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
4 FT Slavs K 4[1]1 +1 Various 4
3 LHI Slavs*** K 4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
3 LI Slavs***   4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
O   Magyar Allies****          
2 LC Magyars K 1[0]0 +1 Bows 6
O   Lombard Sub-Kingdom Allies *****          
2 HC Adalings (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lances 11
1 HC Skilpors (d!) K 4[1]0 +1 Spears/Javelins 10
2 FT Commoners****** K 5[1]1 +1 Spears/Bows 8
2 LHI ****** K 4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
2 LI ******   3[1]1 +1 Bows 6


Core: 1 GR

Bonus: (Max: 3 ) 2 GR, 1 SH, 1 RG, 1 W


Core: 95 Bonus: 302

FV5 Cav are Obligatory Chargers.

Staff Slings may not fire and move.

Allied light troops from a nation, if no such troops are used, do not count for the extra light division rules.

* the total number of SI bow fielded may not outnumber that of FV5 HC

**If any Slavs are bought then at least 16 points must be bought.

*** These items are alternatives. You may field LI or LHI, but not a mixture of types.

****Magyar allies are not consistent throughout this period. For historical accuracy they should not be used by an Eastern Carolingian army unless in Arnulf's (king of the Eastern Franks 887-889AD, emperor 896-899AD) 892-895 AD campaign where in 892AD, a Hungarian army, at the invitation of Arnulf, crossed the Carpathian Mountains and helped Arnulf to defeat his rebellious vassal, Sviatopluk.

Historically in Ottonian Armies Magyar Allies should not be allowed until after the Battle of Lechfeld in 955AD (Otto I).

Their use outside of these periods is at the discretion of players and/or umpires.

If any Magyars are bought all must be bought

*****If any Lombards are bought all must be bought

******Any combination of these Units may be chosen but may not exceed 2 Units.

Sources: ‘Warfare and Society in the Barbarian West 450-900’ Halsall, ‘Early Carolingian Warfare: Prelude to Empire (Middle Ages)’ Bachrach, ‘Caballus et Caballarius in Medieval Warfare’ Bachrach, from ‘The Study of Chivalry: Resources and Approaches’ De Re Militari; ‘The Frankish Kingdoms Under the Carolingians, 751-987’ McKitterick, ‘The Germanic Realms in Pre-Carolingian Central Europe 400-750’ Schutz, ‘Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories’ Schultz, ‘The History of the Lombards’ Paul the Deacon, ‘The Lombards’ Christie; ‘Carolingian Civilization’ Dutton; ‘The Battle of Lechfeld and Its Aftermath, August 955’ Bowlus; ‘Carolingian Arms and Armor in the Ninth Century’ (Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies v.21) Coupland, De Re Militari; ‘Charlemagne’s Way of Raising Troops: Capitulare Italicum, Capitulare missorum de exercitu promovendo, Capitulare Aquisgranense’ De Re Militari; ‘Indiculus Loricatorum: Bamberg Codex B.III.11 (olim A nr.73)’ translated by W.North, De Re Militari; ‘The Recruitment of Armies in the Early Middle Ages: What can we know?’ from ‘Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society in a European Perspective, AD 1-1300’ Reuter, De Re Militari; ‘Vademecum: The Saxon Era’ (website); ‘Hungary, The Medieval Period’ The Library of Congress Country Studies (website), A Thousand Years Of The Hungarian Art Of War’ Komjathy

Collaborative list.

Author: OCahan, Aligern and Vincent.

List Author: OCahan