Later Western Carolingian 814 to 987AD

This list encompasses Louis the Pious 814-840AD (including his short deposition 833-34AD), the civil wars of 840-43AD up until the Treaty Of Verdun in 843AD that saw the division of Charlemagne’s old empire into 3 between Louis the Pious’ sons:

The Middle Frankish Kingdom (under Lothair I)

The Western Frankish Realm (under Charles the Bald)

The Eastern Frankish Kingdom (or Holy Roman Empire) under Louis the German is covered in the 'Later Eastern Carolingian and Ottonian' list.

This list also covers the Middle and Western Kingdoms (Aquitaine, Western Frankia, Italy, Upper Burgundy and Lower Burgundy and their sub divisions) until 987AD with the accession of Hugh Capet (founder of the Capetian dynasty).

Era: Triumph of Cavalry   Later Western Carolingian 814 to 987AD CR: H: 4 L: 3   BP: 2 Init: 6
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
2 HC Scarae (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lances 11
2 HC   K 4[1]0 +1 Spear/Javelin 10
2 FT   K 5[1]1 +1 Spears 6
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
1 SI     2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
3 HC (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lances 11
3 HC (d!) K 4[1]0 +1 Spear/Javelin 10
2 LC Basques/Bretons* K 2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
2 FT Frisians** K 5[1]2 +1 Spears 6
4 FT   K 5[1]1 +1 Spears 6
2 LI Basques   4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
3 SI ***   2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
1 SI     2[1]1 +2 Staff Slings 2
O   Lombards ****          
2 HC Adalings (d) K 5[1]0 +1 Lances 11
1 HC Skilpors (d!) K 4[1]0 +1 Spears/Javelins 10
2 FT Commoners***** K 5[1]1 +1 Spears/Bows 8
2 LHI ***** K 4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
2 LI *****   4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
2 LI *****   3[1]1 +1 Bows 6


Core: 1 GR

Bonus: (Max: 2 ) 2 GR, 1 SH, 1 RG, 1 W


Core: 315 Bonus: 225

FV5 Cav are Obligatory Chargers.

Staff Slings may not fire and move.

Allied light troops if no such troops are used, do not count for the extra light division rules.

* Post Breton independence in 845 AD the availability of the LC drops to 1 Unit.

** Until 840AD

*** the total number of SI bow fielded may not outnumber that of FV5 HC

****Only in Armies of Lothar I

*****Any combination of these Units may be chosen but may not exceed 2 Units.

Sources: ‘Warfare and Society in the Barbarian West 450-900’ Halsall, ‘Early Carolingian Warfare: Prelude to Empire (Middle Ages)’ Bachrach, ‘Caballus et Caballarius in Medieval Warfare’ Bachrach, from ‘The Study of Chivalry: Resources and Approaches’ De Re Militari; ‘The Frankish Kingdoms Under the Carolingians, 751-987’ McKitterick, ‘The Germanic Realms in Pre-Carolingian Central Europe 400-750’ Schutz, ‘Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories’ Schultz, ‘The History of the Lombards’ Paul the Deacon, ‘The Lombards’ Christie; ‘Carolingian Civilization’ Dutton; ‘The Battle of Lechfeld and Its Aftermath, August 955’ Bowlus; ‘Carolingian Arms and Armor in the Ninth Century’ (Viator: Medieval and Renaissance Studies v.21) Coupland, De Re Militari; ‘Charlemagne’s Way of Raising Troops: Capitulare Italicum, Capitulare missorum de exercitu promovendo, Capitulare Aquisgranense’ De Re Militari; ‘Indiculus Loricatorum: Bamberg Codex B.III.11 (olim A nr.73)’ translated by W.North, De Re Militari; ‘The Recruitment of Armies in the Early Middle Ages: What can we know?’ from ‘Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society in a European Perspective, AD 1-1300’ Reuter, De Re Militari; ‘Vademecum: The Saxon Era’ (website); ‘Hungary, The Medieval Period’ The Library of Congress Country Studies (website), A Thousand Years Of The Hungarian Art Of War’ Komjathy

Collaborative list.

List Author: OCahan, Aligern and Vincent.