In approximately 278 B.C., two Gallic leaders, Lonorius and Lutarius, split from the main Gallic host led by Brennus in the Dardanes with about 20,000 followers from three tribes, the Trocmi, Tectosages, and Tolostobogii. Lutarius crossed the Hellespont on ships seized by guile from Antipater. Lonorius crossed with the help of Nicomedes I, King of Bithynia. Thereafter, the three tribes reunited and were known either as Galatians or Gallo-Grecians. They settled in the Hellespont, Aeolis, Ionia, and the river Halys area of Asia Minor. They had quite a reputation in Asia for being fierce and unbeatable warriors.
Despite their reputation, Attalus of Pergamene was able to put a halt to their continued expansion in Asia Minor by inflicting a series of defeats on them circa 230 B.C. See Brief Historical Notes
Notwithstanding their defeats by Attalus, the Galatians were prized mercenaries in many of the Diadochi armies.
Eventually, the Galatians came into direct military opposition to Rome of the Republic. The consul Gnaeus Manlius decisively defeated the the Tolistobogii followed by the Tectosages and Trocmi in 189 B.C. in several successive engagements. The Galatian leaders who opposed Gnaeus Manlius were Orgiago, Combilomarus, and Gaulotus. Allied Kappadokians under Ariarathes and mercenaries under Morzius fought with the Trocmi and Tectosages against the Roman in at least one of the later battles. The Galatian HC dismounted to stiffen the infantry in at least the last battle against the Romans in 189 B.C. Livy, Rome and the Mediterranean, xxxviii.12 through xxxviii.30.
The Galatian kingdom survived until circa 26 BC when it was annexed by Rome on the death of its last king, Amyntas. Of course, a memory of the later Romanized Galatians survives today through Paul's letter to the Galatians.
|Era: Age of Empires|| ||Galatians circa 280 to 180 BC||CR: H: 5 L: 2|| ||BP: 2||Init: 4|
|1||LC||Thesalians or Celts|| ||2(0)0||+1||Javelins||7|
|1||Scyth||Scythed Chariot****|| ||5(1)0||+1||Sharp blades||6|
|O|| ||Paiones, etc. Option*****|| || || || || |
|1||LC|| || ||2(0)0||+1||Javelins||7|
|2||LI|| || ||4(1)2||+1||Javelins||7|
|O|| ||Kappadokian Option*****|| || || || || |
|1||HC(d!)||Kappadokians under Ariarathes**||Key||4(1)0||+2||Javelins||11|
|1||LC|| || ||2(0)0||+1||Javelins||7|
|2||LI||Morzius' Mercenaries|| ||4(1)2||+1||Javelins||7|
Core: 1 RG
Bonus: (Max: 3 ) 2 GR, 1 SH, 1 RG
Core: 97 Bonus: 205
*WB are BP 4, move 6 inches. Core WB may form up deep. All WB are subject to obligatory charge.
**The combined number of Bonus Kappadokian HC, Bonus Celt Noble HC, and Bonus Celt Noble Chariots purchased may not exceed two units.
***Gaesati are variously thought to be a Gallic warrior fraternity who were professional mercenaries or a fraternity of young men out to earn reputations. They are described as fighting in the nude save for gold torcs and shields. Gaesati WB are BP 4, move 6 inches. All Gaesati WB are subject to obligatory charge. They may not form up deep. They may not break off. They are NOT key units. Gaesati may not be brigaded in the same division as any other troop types.
****Scythed chariots may not be used with Paiones or Kappadokians. Scythed chariots were most probably the typical Successor four horse scythed chariots either captured from the Diadochi or constructed in imitation thereof. There seems to be no thought, whatsoever, that they were Celtic chariots with scythes attached.
***** Paiones, etc. may not be used with Kappadokians. Paionian and Kappadokian light units only count against the requirement for acquiring a free light division on page 34 of the rules if troops from the particular option are purchased. Accordingly, Paionian light units only count against the extra light division rule if the Paionian option is purchased. Similarly, Kappadokian light units only count against the extra light division rule if the Kappadokian option is purchased. If any Paiones are bought, all must be bought. If any Kappadokians are bought, all must be bought. If either the Paionian option or the Kappadokian option is purchased, the Bonus Celt or Thessalian LC may not be purchased. Therefore, the Bonus Celt or Thessalian LC unit does not count toward the rule for acquiring an extra light division on page 34 of the rules if either the Paionians or Kappadokians are purchased.
M2Ch dismount as FT with FV of 5(1)1, BP of 3, move of 6 inches, and Prot of 1. Scythed chariots may not dismount. All LC may dismount as SI with an FV of 2(1)1, a BP of 2, a move of 9 inches, and an archery missile range of six inches with an archery arc of 45 degrees. All mounted troops (HC, M2Ch, and LC) must dismount or none may dismount. Dismounted cavalry do not add to the frontal value of WB. Only dismounted Kappadokian HC add to the frontal value of Kappadokian FT.
BRIEF HISTORICAL NOTES
In 236 B.C., Antiochus Hierax allied with the Galatians against Seleucis II in an effort to supplant Seleucis II. Seleucis invaded and was crushed near Ancyra (Ankara).
In 230 B.C., Attalus I of Pergamon defeated the Tolistobogii near the Caicus River. After their defeat, the Tolistobogii received reinforcements from the Tectosages and tried again only to be soundly defeated by Attalus I in that same year. This is the battle resulting in the famous victory stele dedicated to Athena.
Ordo Link: There is no dedicated thread to the Galatian list. Some information may be found by searching the New Army Submissions Thread, or using the Search function on the main Ordo page.
Last Edited: 11 August 2007
List Author: Subodai