Graeco-Bactrian 250BC to 55BC

This list represents the armies of Alexander’s successors in Bactria and northern India (eastern Iran, Pakistan and southern Afghanistan). Graeco-Bactrian silver coinage is still found in circulation in the bazaars of this area and folk stories about Alexander’s conquests are still recounted around the camp fires at night. The number of troops with a pure Greek military tradition diminished (rapidly) as the period covered by this list progressed, to be replaced by native allies and subjects.

Era: Age of Empires   Graeco-Bactrian 250BC to 55BC CR: H: 3 L: 4   BP: 2 Init: 4
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
2 PH Greeks Key 7[0]0 +1 Pike 10
2 LI     4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
1 SI     2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
1 HC * Bodyguard Key 5[1]0 +1 Lance/bow 13
2 LC     2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
2 HC Bactrians Key 4[1]0 +2 Various 11
2 HC Iranians Key 4[0]0 +1 Various 10
1 LC Saka mercenaries   1[0]0 +1 Bows 6
2 LC Bactrians   2[0]0 +1 Various/Bows 8
1 LC     2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
6 PH Greeks Key 7[0]0 +1 Pike 10
2 LI Bactrians   3[1]2 +1 Javelins/Bows 6
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
2 SI     2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
2 Elephants Indian Key 5[3]2 +1 Various 12
1 LHI** Maiden Guard Key 4[1]2 +1 Various 6
    Saka Allies***          
1 HC Nobles*** Key 4[1]0 +2 Lance/Bows 13
4 LC***   Key 1[0]0 +1 Bows 6
    Indian Subjects:          
1 HC   Key 3[0]0 +1 Various 8
2 FT   Key 5[1]1 +1 Various/Bows 8
1 Elephant Indian Key 5[3]2 +1 Various 12


Core: 1 - RG

Bonus: (Max: 5 ) 3-GR; 3-SH; 2-RG; 1-WD


Core: 97 Bonus: 249

* Bodyguard HC are subject to obligatory charge.

In early armies Bodyguard HC may drop their bows and an additional SI javs is added to the Core.

In later armies if no Bonus PH (Greeks) are bought, the Bodyguard HC may drop their bow and increase protection to +2. This reflects the changes which took place as the Greek aristocracy intermarried with the local Bactrian nobility, the number of troops with pure ‘Greek’ blood dwindled and military practices changed in response to contact with Saka and early Kushan enemies. NB: there are pictorial references of later Graeco-Bactrian HC with bows as well as two-handed lance, armoured with Partho-Iranian style corselets and scale armoured ‘chaps’ on their legs. However, it is assumed that by this time mounted archery had taken a subordinate place to shock combat with the lance.

** There is debate as to whether the Maiden Guard were just an ‘exotic’ palace guard unit and ever saw action on the battlefield; or were a fully fledged combat formation or even existed in enough numbers to constitute a full Armati unit at all! As a consequence, they do not count towards the requirement for the extra Light Division and are included in this list purely for ‘colour’ only. They are armed with spears (not javelins), swords and shields.

If more than 1 unit of Bactrian HC are bought, all Bonus Bactrian troops must be purchased.

***If any of the Saka Allies are purchased, all must be bought. If any Saka Allies are bought, the Bonus non-key Saka mercenary LC cannot be bought (and does not count towards the extra Light Division requirement). Saka Allies cannot be purchased if any Bonus PH or Indian Subjects or more than 1 Elephant or the Bonus WD is bought. Saka mercenary LC are not Saka Allies for any purpose.

If any Bonus Indian Subjects are bought, at least 1 Elephant and the WD must also be bought. This option allows the army to represent later Indo-Bactrian forces.

LC javs can be either: Greek Settlers, Iranians or Arachosians (or a mix) or in later armies Indian mountain tribes.

LI and SI javs can be either: Greek Settlers, native Iranians, Bactrians, Afghans or Indians mountain tribes (or a mix).

SI bows can be either: Greek Settlers (Cretans) or native Iranians, Bactrians, Afghan or Indian mountain tribes (or a mix).

To represent the all cavalry army raised by Euthydemos in 205BC, to counter an attempted Seleucid reconquest, the following changes can be made to the Core:

All Core infantry are dropped and replaced by:

2 – HC (Bactrian) [k] 4(1)0 +2 Various @ 11pts

2 – LC (Bactrian) [k] 2[0]0 +1 Javelins/Bows @ 8pts

No Bonus Infantry, Elephants, Saka Allies or Indian Subjects may be bought

All Bonus infantry are ignored with regards to the extra Light Division rule

All Core & Bonus LC – except Saka mercenary LC become key troops.

Ordo Link: Graeco Bactrian

Last Edited: 05 February 2007

List Author: Aetius