Hellenistic Greek c.250BC to 55BC

This list represents the armies of the later Greek city states as they reformed their military practices and evolved from hoplite style warfare into a Macedonian style pike armed force via a lighter ‘peltast’ style of combat with thureos, spears and javelins. It runs through to the end of Greek independence and annexation into a consolidated Roman province.

By its very nature this is a complicated list as it covers a difficult transitionary period in Greek military history, across a number of different city states, all of which approached military reform in their own particular style and at their own pace. The Greek city states covered by this list are: Sparta, the Athenian League, the Achaean League, Boiotia, Achaian and Eleian armies. Aitolian armies are considered to be outside the confines of this list as they were traditionally much lighter in format but Aitolian troops appear in the list as allies of the Achaean League. Aitolian ‘hoplites’ are interpreted as being spear armed LI as this appears to better reflect their better performance in dense terrain and rough ground.

Spartan forces were more conservative initially, retaining their citizen hoplite based forces after the other city states had adopted the thureos. However, when they did reform they moved straight to the Macedonian pike model and later Spartan armies are represented by the Warflute Spartan Reformed c.235BC to 196 BC list. The Achaean League placed less emphasis on heavier infantry and more reliance on lighter mercenary foot and Xyston armed shock cavalry.

Citizen Thureophoroi are interpreted as LHI rather than LI, to better reflect their ability to fight formed close-order foot in the open.

Era: Age of Empires   Hellenistic Greek c.250BC to 55BC CR: H: 3 L: 5   BP: 2 Init: 4
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
8 LHI Citizens Key 4[1]2 +1 Long Spears/Javelins 7
2 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
6 PH Citizen Hoplites Key 6[1]1 +1 Spears 9
3 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
6 PH Citizens Key 7[0]0 +1 Pike 10
2 HC   Key 5[1]0 +1 Xyston 11
2 HC   Key 4[0]0 +1 Various 10
2 LC     2[0]0 +1 Javelins 7
2 PH Spartiates Key 8[1]1 +2 Spears 14
4 PH Perioikoi Key 7[1]1 +2 Spears 12
6 PH Citizen Hoplites Key 6[1]1 +1 Spears 9
6 PH Citizens Key 7[0]0 +1 Pikes 10
4 PH Freed Slaves Key 6[0]0 +1 Pikes 8
6 LHI Citizens Key 4[1]2 +1 Long Spears/Javelins 7
4 LI Mercenaries   4[1]2 +1 Javelins 7
4 SI     3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2
2 SI     2[1]1 +2 Bows 2
1 SI     3[1]2 +2 Sling 2
    Aitolian Allies:          
2 LC Aitolians   2[0]0   Javelins 7
4 LI Aitolian 'Hoplites' Key 4[1]2 +1 Spears 6
6 SI Aitolians   3[1]2 +2 Javelins 2


Core: 1-GR

Bonus: (Max: 3 ) 2-GR; 3-SH; 1-RG; 1-WD


Hoplites and Pikes cannot be used in the same army.

Transitional Spartan armies cannot use more than 2 LHI or any PH Pikes and are restricted to the Citizen Hoplite option from the Core. Spartiates and Perioikoi can only be used in Spartan armies. Core and Bonus Hoplites in a Spartan army represent Spartan Helots.

Only Achaean & Athenian League armies can use Xyston armed HC. Achaeans may field up to 2 Xyston HC & Athenian League armies can field 1 Xyston armed HC.

No more than 2 Bonus HC in total may be bought

Only Achaean League armies can use Aitolian allies and Freed Slave Phalanx. If any Aitolian allies are bought at least 1 LI and 1 SI must be bought. If any Freed Slaves are used all must be bought. Freed Slaves must all be fielded in the same division.

LC can be Thracians, Tarantines or native Greek.

LI are mercenary native Greek Peltasts, Thracians or Illyrians (Illyrians should only be fielded in Achaean League armies)

NB: Stand alone Spartan and Achaean League army lists for this period are also to be found on Warflute.

Ordo Link: Hellenistic Greek

Last Edited: 07 July 2006

List Author: Aetius