Late Egyptian

Although the numbers of chariots had declined at this time, the chariot sometimes carried more crew and used more horses in the span. The present trend of assuming the finds in Cyprus are examples of how Egyptian chariots looked during this period has not been followed.

The horse rider had become more prevelant but it is impossible to determine with certainty just what numbers are involved. The horse riders, who are shown with bow, are assumed to be the previous light charioteers.

Heavy cavalry are present if only because an armoured Pharoah is shown on horseback and it is unlikely that he would have been without an accompanying unit of similar troops. At the same time this follows current Middle Eastern military progress for the period.

Haw-nebu (New foreigner) were also known as the 'Men of Bronze' and in the Early stages were Carian/Lydian/Ionian Hoplites, then Greek mercenaries sent under the aegis of Sparta. These were later settled in a Greek Military settlement at Danae. The Libyans had their own military settlements and were collectively called Meshwesh in Egyptian service.

The Hermotybies (Strong Arm Boys, or Spearmen) and Calasiries (Shooters) declined in fighting quality as more weight was put on mercenaries to do the fighting, but the Persians were so impressed by the way the blocks of Hermotybies with large robust shields withstood Persian bowfire as to spare them and incorporate them in the Persian army.

Sources are not plentiful but these are the most readily accessible: Herodotus Histories. Mercenaries of the Ancient World by Serge Yalichev. Armies of the Ancient near East by Nigel Stillman and Nigel Tallis.

Era: Antiquity   Late Egyptian CR: H: 4 L: 4   BP: 2 Init: 4
Number Type   Description Key FV PROT Weapon Cost
2 MCh Egyptian Chariots K 4[1]0 1 Various 10
1 HC Kings Braves K 4[0]0 1 Various 10
1 LC Egyptian   1[0]0 1 Bows 6
1 FT Royal Calasiries K 5[1]1 1 Bows 8
1 FT Royal Hermotybies K 6[1]1 2 Spears 9
2 SI Calasiries   2[1]1 2 Bows 2
1 SI Meshwesh/Psiloi   3[1]2 2 Javelins 2
1 MCh Egyptian/Libyan K 4[1]0 1 Various 10
1 LC Egyptian   2[0]0 1 Javelins 7
1 LC Egyptian   1[0]0 1 Bows 6
2 PH Haw-nebu (Greek Hoplites) K 7[1]1 2 Spears 12
2 PH Haw-nebu (Lydian/Ionian) K 6[1]1 2 Spears 10
4 FT Hermotybies K 5[1]1 2 Spears 7
4 FT Calasiries K 4[1]1 1 Bows 6
2 LHI Meshwesh(Libyans)   4[1]2 1 Javelins 7
4 LI Meshwesh   2[1]1 1 Bows 4
2 LI Peltasts*   4[1]2 1 Javelins 7
5 SI Calasiries/meshwesh   2[1]1 2 Bows 2
4 SI Meshwesh/Psiloi   3[1]1 2 Javelins 2


Core: 1GR

Bonus: (Max: 3 ) 2GR; 2RG; 1SH


Core: 95 Bonus: 187


Greek hoplites and other PH should probably not be used together, but there is no definite indication that both were not used at the same time so this is left to the players choice.

Those wishing to simulate the early armies should not use PH or other Greek troops.

*If no Greek Troops are used, then do not include Peltasts in the purchase requirement for obtaining an extra light division.

This army may fight in both the Biblical and Antiquity eras.

Ordo Link: Late Egyptian

Last Edited: 28 September 2005

List Author: Luxor